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National Child Policy

INTRODUCTION

Children are part of the society that is very important, which is the heart of the country's assets and lead the country's future development. In 2008, there were 10.5 million (37.9%) children of the 27.7 million population of Malaysia. As such, the Government is concerned about the welfare and interests of the child.

Therefore, Malaysia has ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child or the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on February 17, 1995. Convention focuses on the welfare and lives of children who focused on the survival, protection , development and participation . As a State Party to the CRC, Malaysia is concerned and committed to the task to ensure the safety and well-being of children who are the future generation of heirs.

Interests of the child is clearly shown in the 2020 statement in which the institution of the family and children is one of the priority focused in the country's efforts to achieve developed nation status in addition to produce a fair and caring society.

DEFINITION

Children are defined as a person under the age of 18 years as stated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Children Act, 2001.

POLICY STATEMENT

National Child Policy is a policy on the rights of survival, protection, development and participation of children in order to enjoy the opportunity and space to achieve holistic development in a conducive environment.

OBJECTIVE STATEMENT

National Child Policy aims to create a healthy, energetic, knowledgeable, innovative, creative, self berjati, competitive, progressive and have good values​​.

OBJECTIVE

The main objective of the National Child Policy is to ensure that:

  1. Every child has the right to live of custody, care, love, health services, support and social assistance;
  2. Every child, including children with disabilities have a right to be protected from any form of neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation, and subsequently was habilitation, rehabilitation and integrated into the family and community;
  3. Every child has the right to the holistic development of the physical, cognitive, language, social-emotional, and spiritual character;
  4. Every child has a right to be heard, join (participate) and according to their capacity to engage in matters relating to the best interests and well-being;
  5. Kids, parents, caregivers, community and society aware of children's rights to survival, protection, development and participation, and
  6. Research and development on the survival, protection, development and participation of children carried out from time to time.

STRATEGIES

The strategies to achieve the above objectives are as follows:

Objective 1| further information in PDF format

Survival

  1. Provide basic needs such as identity, shelter, food, drink, clothing, love, security and a conducive and child friendly environment .
  2. Enhance collaboration between government agencies, NGOs, the private sector and local communities in health care, safety and education for the well being and welfare of children.
  3. Improve the quality and expand support services and social assistance according to the needs of children, including disabled children and orphans.
  4. Expand access to appropriate information and material from a variety of sources so that the children gain knowledge and skills for their survival..
  5. Ensure children get social security protection.
Objective 2| further information in PDF format

Perlindungan

  1. Increase training to all parties dealing with children so that has they have sufficient  knowledge, qualifications and skills and a positive attitude in handling cases of abuse, neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation of children.
  2. To provide care, protection and rehabilitation to children who are victims of torture, neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation or uncontrolled children as well as providing treatment to offenders of children (child Offender).
  3. Provide protection to the victim, the complainant and family from the threat of harassment or certain parties.
  4. Ensure children are given the right to legal and support services.
  5. Provide support to high-risk families so that children in the family can enjoy their rights.
  6. Ensure that all parties related to or provide services to children developing a policy and child protection protocols and implement them..
  7. Provide special programs for street children, children without documents, dropped out children, children involved with drug addiction and children who are in critical situation, difficulties and other hazards (under difficult circumstances).
  8. Ensure that children victims receive proper treatment for recovery, development and integration back into society.
  9. Ensure that children victims of sexual exploitation (such as child prostitution and child pornography) and human trafficking given protection, rehabilitation and integration back into society or deported to their country of origin.
  10. Establish an early warning mechanism and strengthen child protection mechanisms at national and international levels.
  11. Encourage the provision of a safe and healthy environment for children.
Objective 3| further information in PDF format

Perkembangan

  1. Increase childcare and child education quality, accessible and affordable in an environment which is conducive to stimulate optimal development of children.
  2. Providing infrastructure facilities and child-friendly environment.
  3. Provide protection to the victim, the complainant and family from the threat of harassment or certain parties.
  4. Provides assistance, training and monitoring to ensure children get upbringing, care and education of the highest quality.
Objective 4| further information in PDF format

Participation

  1. Ensure children are given access to quality information and relevant materials from various sources so that the children can participate in activities related to their affairs.
  2. Encourage the mass media and the private sector to disseminate relevant information and quality services.
  3. Encourage children to express their views and opinions in a responsible and ethical manner as an input in designing programs for them or programs related to their interests
Objective 5| further information in PDF format

Advokasi

  1. Increasing awareness of the importance of health care to children among family and community.
  2. Raise awareness among families and communities about child equality from all forms of discrimination.
  3. Strengthen existing programs and introduce appropriate programs for the prevention of abuse, neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation of children.
  4. Raising of parents, guardians and community members awareness on the importance of care and education of children.
  5. Increase awareness and understanding of the rights, welfare and interests of the child to all parties concerned.
Objective 6| further information in PDF format

Research and Development

  1.  Intensifying research and development in the field of child development and disseminate research findings for improvement.

 

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