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National Child Protection Policy

INTRODUCTION

Children are important to the country's human capital. Human capital can be developed to an optimum level by providing a safe and conducive environment. Therefore, the protection of children from abandonment, abuse, violence and exploitation is an important aspect and should be given priority.

Thus, the child protection policy is necessary at this time to encourage all agencies, organizations and community members to give priority to the protection of children as a shared responsibility. This policy is consistent with the philosophy of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Children Act 2001, which also emphasizes the principle of the protection of children for their best interest.

DEFINITION

Children are defined as a person under the age of 18 years as stated in the Children Act 2001.

Children Protection refers to strategies and activities to prevent and respond to neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation of children.

Neglect refers to continuous and serious failure to provide basic needs of physical, emotional and development in terms of health, education, emotional development, nutrition, shelter and safe living for children. Abandonment can expose children to all kinds of dangers, including threatening them.

Child Abuse is a serious violation or infringement of the rights of children to grow in good health and dignity in addition to cause risks in their survival. Abuse can be categorized into physical, emotional, sexual and neglect.

Physical abuse in accordance with the Children Act 2001 was when a child is physically injured cause a visible injury on any part of the child's body as a result of violence or the use of agents an intentional on the child's body.

Emotional abuse in accordance with the Children Act 2001 was when a child is emotionally injured that cause interference which can be seen on the mental or emotional functioning of the child such as mental or behavioral disorder, anxiety, depression, withdrawal and delayed development.

Sexual abuse in accordance with the Children Act 2001 when a child is sexually abused if he / she takes part, either as participants or observers, in any activity that is sexual in nature for any purpose or sexual exploitation by any person for sexual gratification of that person or another person

Violence refers to an act with intent to cause harm of any kind physically and emotionally for the child.

Exploitation refers to the use of children in activities that enable other parties to benefit from financial, sexual, political and other interests that could threaten the physical and psychological well-being as well as survival of the child.

POLICY STATEMENT

Child Protection Policy is a policy that includes a statement of the principles of child protection consistent with the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Children Act 2001. This policy focuses on advocacy, prevention, support and research and development in order to protect children.

OBJECTIVES STATEMENT

In particular, the Child Protection Policy aims to ensure every child get protection from neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation. This policy also catalyze the awareness and commitment of all parties, including every member of the community in protecting children.

OBJECTIVE

National Child Protection Policy setting the following 7 main objectives:

  1. increase the awareness and commitment of various parties to the safeguarding of children as a shared responsibility;
  2. creating a safe and child-friendly environment;
  3. promote the organization related directly and indirectly to the child establish policies on child protection for organizations respectively;
  4. protect all children against any form of neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation;
  5. set only appropriate individuals alone can deal directly with the child;
  6. improving support services to deal with neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation of children; and 
  7. increase research and development to improve the protection of children.

STRATEGY

To achieve the above objectives, 11 strategies were formulated based on 4 main aspects which advocacy, prevention, support and research and development. These strategies are as follows:

Advocacy

  1. Adopt and promote awareness of the importance of responsibility to protect children to all levels of society including smart partnerships (smart partnership) by the media and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including the private sector and community organizations.
  2. Ensure that those who deal directly with children able to identify and report cases of neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation.
  3. Ensuring children and the community and legal practitioners, students majoring in law, educators, social workers, doctors, members of enforcement (such as police officers and immigration), the driver of public transportation (such as buses and taxis) and security guards are given understanding of children's rights under the Convention on the rights of the Child (CRC), with a focus on protection aspects.
  4. Encourage the provision of a safe and healthy environment for children..
  5. Encourage every organization to create policies and regulations on the protection of children.

Prevention

  1. Establishing an early warning mechanism and strengthening child protection mechanisms at national and international levels.
  2. Provide basic knowledge to the children for enable them to protect themselves from neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation as well as identify the risk to their situation.
  3. Create a screening system, recognition and training for those who work directly with children

Support Service

  1. Broadening and improving counseling services to victims, families, adult offenders, offenders of children and communities.
  2. Increase and expanding health services and protection to victims and families.

Research and Development

  1. Encourage research and development of child protection and spreading its research findings for improvements action .
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