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The Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention on the Rights of the Child has been formally accepted by the 44th United Nations Assembly on 20 November 1989. On January 26, 1990, the Convention was opened for signature during celebrations of the 30th anniversary of the Declaration of Rights of the Child (1959-1989) and the 10th anniversary of the International Year of the Child (1979-1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child came into force on September 2, 1990 after 30 days it was recognized by 20 countries.

The Malaysian Government has signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 28/12/94 and implemented on 07/02/95 but the Malaysian Government has made ‚Äč‚Äčreservation on the clause 1,2,7,13,14,15,22,28,37,40 because in contrast to policy, legislation and national practices. But those reservations will be withdrawn at the situation and the right time by the Malaysian government.

On 25.02.99, the Government has withdrawn the reservation and some still hold the reservation for clause 1,2,7,13,14, 15.28 para 1 (a) and clause 37.

Generally, the Convention on the Rights of the Child encourage government to be more responsible for the well-being of children by recognizing their rights. The Convention also elucidates the needs of children separate from the adults.

The Convention contains three sections and 54 articles are arranged as follows:

Part I:
41 articles on the rights of children.

Part II:
member countries

Part III:
9 articles on the recognition of the Convention and its implications.

The Convention stresses that children under the age of 18 have the following rights:
  1. To live, grow healthier, enjoy quality of life and the perfect preservation as well as love and affection within a family atmosphere.
  2. To get identity as individuals and citizens.
  3. To get protection from difficulty or obstacles in life during an emergency, war, the refugee, the helpless, and the exploitation or crime.
The Convention also elucidates the needs of children separate from the adults to take into account the needs as:
  1. International cooperation in order to provide protection to children.
  2. Roles and responsibilities in the family and protect and protect the interests of children.
  3. Stressed on the rights of children growing up in accordance with the culture, religious beliefs of the family.
  4. Provide protection to alone children who need a family spare / preserve.
  5. Give all the rights of citizenship status to the child.
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